The town lies in the most beautiful part of the Surrey Hills. If you don't know why the landscape is as it is, with its dramatic views and leafy vales, these diagrams of the area's geology may explain.

Dorking from Box Hill with Leith Hill's slopes in the distance; one of South East England's most evocative views. (The explanatory diagram below the picture is more legible on zooming in)

 

This first diagram is NOT of Dorking and around but shows the features found around it and similar chalk and vale areas. You may find it interesting (entertaining?) to fit these labels (shown beneath the diagram) to the appropriate numbered feature:

Starting with the underground section. labels 9 - 13, choosing from: CHALK (of course!); UPPER GREENSAND; LOWER GREENSAND; GAULT CLAY; CLAY WITH FLINTS. (Subsequent diagrams will show the answers.) The rock immediately beneath '13' on the diagram is WEALD CLAY which underlies the flat expanses of Gatwick airport and around. Beneath that are more sandstone rocks which rise to the surface at Horsham and create the hills which run to the coast at Hastings.

These are the remaining features/labels for nos. 1 - 8 + 14 - 17: FLOOD PLAIN; WOODLAND ON INFERTILE SANDSTONES; GAP TOWN; RIVER CLIFF; BEECH WOOD; SCARP SLOPE; VALLEY ROUTEWAY; GAP ROUTEWAY; SPRING; SPRING LINE VILLAGES; DIP SLOPE; DRY VALLEY.

THE WIDER AREA  i.e. THE GEOLOGY OF THE WEALD:

The following map-cum- X section may be of interest though it doesn't provide the geological answers (they're on another X-section at the end). If copied (the original is A4 size and reproduced below) it can be folded, as pictured, to show, hopefully more clearly, how the rock sequence relates to the surface landscape features. (The numbering is different from the one above tho' the sequence is the same...unsurprisingly! Answers still at the end.)  The route marked by crosses from and returning to BHS (Box Hill School) in the Mole Valley was that followed by a field trip to study the changes in landscape features and the human response across the Weald.

There follow one pic of the sheet with the geological section folded in, to show just the map  ..... and the other, the full sheet with the arching rock section down the middle.

 

 

Finally, a simpler version with the answers. Rock on.